An ever-flowing source of splendor and profusion rising from the glaciers and the snow fed-lakes situated in the high Himalayas traversing its way through the rugged landscapes, lush green forests, alpine meadows and lower lands of Terai towards the southern part of the country to meet the holy Ganges; River in Nepal is worshipped as Ganga; the Holy Water Goddess. Nepal is the second richest country in the world in terms of water resources. Basically, the rivers of Nepal are segregated into three categories. The first one consists big and large rivers, second medium range rivers and the third category is comprised of streams and rivulets. The first river category is consists three major systems on the basis of their origin. They are Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali.

The Koshi river system is comprised of Tamur, Arun, Dudhkoshi, Likhu, Tamakoshi, Sunkoshi and Indravati rivers, thus, also known as Sapta Koshi. The Arun and Sunkoshi originate from Tibet and the confluence of the Saptakoshi is in Sagarmatha Zone. Saptakoshi flows through the narrow gorges then enters the plain and merges into the Ganges.

The Gandaki river system that lies in the central Nepal is comprised of Kaligandaki, Budhigandaki, Marshyangdi, Trishuli, Seti, Madi and Daraundi rivers. The Kaliganidaki; the longest river of Nepal, originates from Mustang meets with Trishuli; the main stream of the Gandaki river system in Deoghat and hence, the river is called Narayani. This confluence - Deoghat is considered as the holy place by Hindus. Narayani flows into the southern plain and meets the Ganges in India.

The Karnali river system is the longest river system of Nepal originating in the Western Nepal and it consists of Humla Karnali, Seti, Bheri, and Mugu Karnali rivers. The main tributary of this river system is Humla Karnali that originates in Tibet. All these rivers flow into India and is then called as Gogra.

The rivers rising from Mahabharat range such as Mechi, Mahakali, Rapti, Kamala etc. and Bagdwar that is Bagmati, the principle river of the Kathmandu Valley that drains out from Chobhar comprise the second category of rivers of Nepal. And the third category of rivers is comprised of streams and rivulets mostly originating from the Chure hills. These rivers flow only during monsoon and rest of the season they are dry.

The varying altitude, staggering topographical variation and the mighty Himalayas of Nepal has contributed to make these rivers beautiful, fast flowing and very adventurous for a water journey. Hence, Nepal has gained so much popularity since few decades for the most intricate and rewarding Whitewater rafting that any rafter could ever experience.

Rafting is the ultimate way of exploring most of the remote areas of Nepal traversing through the deep gorges combined with audacious rapids along with warm water, bug-free white sand beaches, gorgeous mountain scenery, rich cultural heritage making you an integral part of the team and giving you the wonderful opportunity of not only experiencing the thrilling roller coaster ride that sways your adrenaline high but also chances to stretch out, relax, splash around enjoying the splendor of flora and fauna.

A sleeping bag and pad. Your sleeping bag should be a two to three season bag, either down or synthetic filled. A foam pad or Thermarest sleeping mattress is mandatory for a good nights sleep. For those who do not have a sleeping bag and pad, they can be rented easily in Kathmandu or Pokhara for about fifty cents a day.

Lightweight pants.

Cotton underwear.

Light weight long sleeved shirt or T-shirt. We use these as sunscreen in camp....don't worry about getting enough sun, you will.

A fleece style jacket. Polypropylene or wool is preferable.

Toiletries: keep it to a minimum, and forget the cosmetics...., you won't have a chance to use them. Bring plenty of moisturising lotion.

Spare glasses or contact lenses if you wear them.

Flashlight or headlamp with spare batteries.


River sandals like Teas or Alps are the preferred footwear on the river. It is essential that all rafters have footwear that they can wear in the raft which will not come off in the event of a swim , as this is considered standard safety equipment. Old running shoes will also do.

Shorts or a swimming costume.

A sarong for women (a long piece of cloth wrapped around your waist) is another good option, and can be purchased cheaply in Nepal. This is invaluable for visiting villages and respecting local custom for dress.

A baseball style cap and good sunglasses are absolutely essential. Sunglasses should be equipped with a retaining device to keep them on your face where they belong.

Sunscreen (spf 15 or or greater and waterproof) is essential DON'T FORGET LIP BALM, SPF 15 MINIMUM!